Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practice

  

Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing a current health care problem or issue of interest to you.
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Socratic Problem-Solving Approach
The Socratic Method is a teaching style in which teachers ask students questions
designed to stimulate more complete thinking and deeper insight. It also relates to the
steps of performing scientific research. When the Socratic approach is applied, students
are prompted to look more closely at your ideas, question your assumptions and
accepted premises, and view your choices through a rigorous lens.
Apply the Socratic approach
Applying the Socratic approach to problem solving helps you identify gaps and improve
your thinking when writing papers or completing projects. The questions may be used to
spark new insights when responding to discussion topics and posts.






Identify the elements of the problem, issue, or question
Analyze, define, and frame the problem, issue, or question
Consider solutions, responses, or answers
Choose a solution, response, or answer
Implement your choice
Evaluate the results
Socratic problem-solving references
Paul, R., & Elder., L. (2006) The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts & tools (4th
ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Wertheim, E. G. (n.d.). A model for case analysis and problem solving. College of
Business Administration, Northeastern University. Retrieved August 7, 2007, from
http://web.cba.neu.edu/ewertheim/introd/cases.htm (Material no longer available at
this link.)
*Source: Dictionary.com
RELATED RESOURCES
Apply critical thinking
Learn more about applying the Socratic approach when creating discussion posts.
Socratic problem-solving approach
Identify gaps and improve your thinking when writing a course paper or completing a
project.
Practice Activity
Use the Socratic approach when responding to a discussion question.
Running head: APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
Applying Research Skills
Learner’s Name
Capella University
Developing a Health Care Perspective
Applying Research Skills
February, 2018
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
1
Comment [A1]: You effectively used the APA
Template paper format.
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
2
Applying Research Skills
With the advent of new technologies and treatment methods, health care organizations
are facing many challenges. Patient safety is one such challenge that needs to be addressed not
only by health care professionals but also by other stakeholders in the business. Ensuring patient
safety is essential for providing quality health care.
As a medical transcriptionist, I am responsible for converting voice-recorded reports of
health care professionals into text. Although I am not directly involved in treating patients, any
errors that occur during the transcription process could result in inaccurate documentation of
medical data. For example, one of my colleagues documented the dosage of Lasix as 400 mg
instead of 40 mg in a discharge summary. When the health care professional who had dictated
the report reviewed it, he was able to spot the error in the dosage and correct it, which helped
prevent the patient from having a dangerous reaction to the incorrect dosage. This incident
helped me realize the importance of preparing accurate documents for ensuring patient safety
and delivering quality care. I developed a keen interest in issues relating to patient safety ever
since.
Identifying Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
Using Summon, Capella University Library’s search engine, I accessed databases relating
to health care, such as ProQuest Central and PubMed Central. I used keywords such as health
care issues, patient safety, and quality of care to search for peer-reviewed literature relevant to
patient safety. Using the advanced search option, I limited my search to scholarly and peerreviewed journals, choosing journal article as the publication type, medicine and nursing as the
subjects, and articles published within the last five years as the publication date range.
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Comment [A2]: You effectively summarized a
health care problem and described an interest in the
topic, and provided an informative example.
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
3
Assessing Credibility and Relevance of Information Sources
Comment [A3]: Sub-headers are a helpful
resource to use to organize your writing!
To ensure credibility, I selected peer-reviewed journal articles that were published within
the past five years. I made sure that the selected sources were published by authors who were
well-known in the field of health care and had extensive professional experience.
Comment [A4]: As you noted, it is best to select
current peer-reviewed academic journal articles to
ensure current practices.
To ensure that the chosen sources of information were relevant to the topic, I confirmed
that they contained accepted facts and opinions on issues relating to patient safety and quality
care. I also checked whether each information source had a clearly defined purpose and
contained pertinent information about patient safety and quality care.
Annotated Bibliography
Kronick, R., Arnold, S., & Brady, J. (2016, August 2). Improving safety for hospitalized patients:
Much progress but many challenges remain. The JAMA Network, 316(5), 489–490.
Retrieved from https://jamanetworkcom.library.capella.edu/journals/jama/fullarticle/2528945
This article provides a viewpoint on the progress that hospitals have made toward
reducing patient harm and understand the factors that have led to this progress. The
authors cite reports released by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
and the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) to analyze the occurrence of issues
relating to patient safety in hospitals. The authors hypothesize that improvement in health
care safety for hospitalized patients may have been possible because of reasons such as
an awareness of the importance of improving safety culture with evidence-based
suggestions. The authors conclude by expressing the need for finding ways to maintain or
accelerate the rate of decline in adverse events relating to patient harm. They believe that
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Comment [A5]: In your annotation, you
effectively identified the purpose of the article.
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
4
investing in patient safety research programs and ensuring that patient safety remains a
high priority for hospital leadership teams can help reduce the number of adverse events.
This article is relevant to patient safety because it examines evidence of reduction in
patient harms in hospitals and offers approaches to reduce such harms.
Morris, S., Otto, N. C., & Golemboski, K. (2013). Improving patient safety and healthcare
quality in the 21st century—Competencies required of future medical laboratory science
practitioners. Clinical Laboratory Science, 26(4), 200–204. Retrieved from https://searchproquestcom.library.capella.edu/docview/1530677721/fulltextPDF/CF6F9C5B900402CPQ/1?acc
ountid=27965
In this article, the authors express their concern about health care professionals,
particularly medical laboratory science (MLS) practitioners, being insufficiently trained
to achieve the five core competencies that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) identified in
2002. The authors discuss ways to incorporate patient safety practices and concepts in the
MLS curricula to ensure that future MLS practitioners are well-versed in the abovementioned competencies identified by the IOM. The authors conclude that by focusing on
the aims and competencies identified by the IOM, future practitioners will be better
equipped to deal with patient safety concerns while practicing MLS. This article was
chosen because it offers a solution for dealing with patient safety issues and explains how
patient safety concepts can be incorporated in the curricula for courses pertaining to
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Comment [A6]: In your annotation, you clearly
summarized the main argument and the topics
covered.
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
5
health care, such as MLS, to enable future health care practitioners to provide effective
health care.
Parand, A., Dopson, S., Renz, A., & Vincent, C. (2014). The role of hospital managers in quality
and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(9). http://dx.doi.org/
10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005055
This article provides a systematic review of available empirical literature to understand
how health care managers are involved in delivering quality health care and ensuring
patient safety. Based on the literature review, the authors suggest that board-level
managers should spend more than 25% of their time on patient safety and quality to
ensure positive outcomes; however, most of the reviewed studies indicate that they spend
much less time than that. The authors also present a quality management input process
output (IPO) model, a framework that will help managers function effectively and
achieve health care quality and safety. The authors conclude that there is a need to make
certain changes in hospitals to ensure the active involvement of managers in quality
improvement. The article is relevant to patient safety because it discusses the role of
health care managers in influencing patient safety and quality care outcomes and also
Comment [A7]: In your annotation, you
effectively included the conclusions and findings of
the article.
proposes a model to help managers understand this role.
Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). Patient safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent
health care delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447–456, 505. Retrieved from
https://search-proquest-
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Comment [A8]: You listed the full reference for
the source in APA format (author, date, title,
publisher, et cetera) and used APA format for the
annotated bibliography. An impressive application
of APA formatting!
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
6
com.library.capella.edu/docview/1617932572/fulltextPDF/1486CC30B3624B3CPQ/1?ac
countid=27965
This article provides a general understanding of the concepts of patient safety and patient
safety culture. The authors explain that the health care system is complex and patient
safety is the responsibility of every individual in a health care organization. They discuss
some tools that can be used to measure patient safety culture, for example, the Safety
Attitudes Questionnaire and the Patient Safety Culture Improvement Tool. They also
examine several strategies to encourage a patient safety culture, such as ensuring that
patient safety is given as much importance as other core business functions. This article
was chosen because it offers strategies for preventing adverse events relating to patient
safety and emphasizes the importance of teamwork within a health care organization to
ensure safe patient care.
Learnings From the Research
I gathered important facts and scholarly opinions about patient safety by going through
peer-reviewed journal articles. This research enriched my knowledge about patient safety. For
Comment [A9]: Peer-reviewed journal articles
are validated sources. Outstanding article choices!
example, after reading the article on improving safety for hospitalized patients by Kronick,
Arnold, and Brady (2016), I learned about patient harms (such as catheter-associated urinary
tract infections and pressure ulcers) that I was unaware of before this research. Further, by
creating an annotated bibliography, I was able to build a repository of scholarly resources
relating to patient safety. This will make it easier for me to choose relevant resources while
writing the paper on issues concerning patient safety.
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Comment [A10]: You effectively summarized
the main points learned from your research.
APPLYING RESEARCH SKILLS
7
References
Kronick, R., Arnold, S., & Brady, J. (2016, August 2). Improving safety for hospitalized patients:
Much progress but many challenges remain. The JAMA Network, 316(5), 489–490.
Retrieved from https://jamanetworkcom.library.capella.edu/journals/jama/fullarticle/2528945
Morris, S., Otto, N. C., & Golemboski, K. (2013). Improving patient safety and healthcare
quality in the 21st century—Competencies required of future medical laboratory science
practitioners. Clinical Laboratory Science, 26(4), 200–204. Retrieved from https://searchproquestcom.library.capella.edu/docview/1530677721/fulltextPDF/CF6F9C5B900402CPQ/1?acc
ountid=27965
Parand, A., Dopson, S., Renz, A., & Vincent, C. (2014). The role of hospital managers in quality
and patient safety: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 4(9). http://dx.doi.org/
10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005055
Ulrich, B., & Kear, T. (2014). Patient safety and patient safety culture: Foundations of excellent
health care delivery. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 41(5), 447–456, 505. Retrieved from
https://search-proquestcom.library.capella.edu/docview/1617932572/fulltextPDF/1486CC30B3624B3CPQ/1?ac
countid=27965
Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.
Chose one of the following topic, For this assessment,
you will research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or
issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3.
Topic 1: Limited Access to Healthcare
Short Description:
Consumers face barriers to healthcare access for assorted reasons. For example: due to
geographic location, provider availability, transportation issues and mobility.
Potential Intervention Approaches:



– Healthcare information online
– Telemedicine
– In–home healthcare services
Keywords for Articles:
online health information seeking, health care access, health information systems,
consumer health information, chronic disease, health information search, health seeking
behavior, rural nursing
References:
Bhandari, N. (2014). Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter? Journal
of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA (1067-5027), 21 (6), p. 1113. https://wwwncbi-nlm-nih-gov.library.capella.edu/pmc/articles/PMC4215038/
Lee, K., Hoti, K., Hughes, J. D., & Emmerton, L. (2014). Dr Google and the Consumer: A Qualitative Study
Exploring the Navigational Needs and Online Health Information-Seeking Behaviors of Consumers with
Chronic Health Conditions. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(12), e262.
http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/jmir.3706
Ware, P., Bartlett, S. J., Paré, G., Symeonidis, I., Tannenbaum, C., Bartlett, G., … Ahmed, S. (2017). Using
eHealth Technologies: Interests, Preferences, and Concerns of Older Adults. Interactive Journal of
Medical Research, 6(1), e3. http://doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.2196/ijmr.4447
Pratt, D. (2015). Telehealth and telemedicine. Albany Law Journal of Science & Technology. (10594280), 25 (3), p. 495.
http://www.lexisnexis.com.library.capella.edu/hottopics/lnacademic/?shr=t&csi=148364&sr=TITLE(
%22Telehealth+telemedicine+in+2015%22)+and+date+is+2015
Topic 2: Healthcare Disparities
Short Description:
In 2010, the Federal Department of Human and Health Service (DHHS) launched the
Healthy People 2020 goals to include a goal to eliminate health inequality/disparity.
Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as “a particular type of health difference
that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Health
disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater
obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status;
gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or
gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to
discrimination or exclusion” (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2017,
p.1).
Potential Intervention Approaches:




– Federal goals
– Community health improvement plans
– Patient advocacy efforts
– “Triple Aim” for populations
Keywords for Articles:
health disparities, community health assessment, community health improvement plan,
strategic planning, local health departments, health inequities
References:
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2017). Disparities. Retrieved from
https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/disparities
Shah G.H., & Sheahan J.P. (2016). Local health departments’ activities to address health disparities and
inequities: Are we moving in the right direction? International Journal of Environmental Research and
Public Health. 2016; 13(1):44. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/1/44
Institute for Healthcare Improvement. (2017). Triple Aim for Populations.
http://www.ihi.org/Topics/TripleAim/Pages/Overview.aspx
Assessment 2 Instructions:
Applying Research Skills
Content

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Create a 3-5-page annotated bibliography and
summary based on your research related to best
practices addressing a current health care
problem or issue of interest to you.
Introduction
In your professional life you will need to find credible
evidence to support your decisions and your plans of
action. You will want to keep abreast of best practices to
help your organization adapt to the ever-changing
health care environment. Being adept at research will
help you find the information you need. For this
assessment, you will select and research a current health
care problem or issue faced by a health care
organization.
Demonstration of Proficiency
By successfully completing this assessment, you will
demonstrate your proficiency in the following course
competencies and assessment criteria:

Competency 1: Apply information literacy
and library research skills to obtain
scholarly information in the field of health
care.
Identify academic peer-reviewed
journal articles relevant to a health
care problem or issue and describe
the criteria used for the literature
search.
Competency 2: Apply scholarly information
through critical thinking to solve problems
in the field of health care.
o Assess the credibility and relevance
of information sources.
o Summarize what was learned from
developing an annotated
bibliography.
o Analyze academic peer-reviewed
journal articles using the annotated
bibliography organizational format.
Competency 4: Communicate in a manner
that is scholarly, professional, and
respectful of the diversity, dignity, and
integrity of others, and that is consistent
with expectations for health care
professionals.
o Summarize a health care problem or
issue and describe a personal
interest in it and experience with it.
o Write clearly and logically, with
correct use of spelling, grammar,
punctuation, and mechanics.
o Write following APA style for in-text
citations, quotes, and references.
o


Instructions
Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to
the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum,
be sure to address each point. In addition, you are
encouraged to review the performance level
descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will
be assessed.
For this assessment, you will research best practices
related to a current health care problem. Your selected
problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3.
To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first
two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to
aid your critical thinking.
4.
View the Assessment Topic Areas | Transcript
media piece and select one of the health care problems
or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief
overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
0. Describe the health care p …
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