Annotated bibliographies , thesis , notch sources.This assignment has two parts .Part one has alread

  

Annotated bibliographies , thesis , notch sources.This assignment has two parts .Part one has already done by other guy and it covers bibliographies.Now we need to work on part two, which is research paper.file is attached below shows all the requirements for research paper in part two.Part one file which is completed, I will send in message because I can’t send two files togetheIt should be 2500 – 3000 words long.
annotated_bibliography_on_terrorism__political_science_.edited.docx

inst_1100___summer_2019___research_paper_guidelines_1_.pdf

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Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
Annotated Bibliography on Terrorism (Political Science)
Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date
1
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
2
Annotated Bibliography on Terrorism (Political Science)
Introduction
Terrorism is one of the most security concerns across the world.
Consequently, the United States is among the many nations that have been greatly
affected by terrorism activities hence the necessity to have proper counter-terrorism legislative
measures and policies. The United States and many other countries of the world are constantly
facing terrorism as a significant threat of stability that has resulted in many losses of lives. Africa
has emerged as the center of terrorist activities due to corruption in most states, the porosity of its
borders, diverse sociocultural population as well as internal conflict within some states.
Together, this has created a favorable environment for the terrorists to exploit these existing gaps
in advancing their agenda.
While terrorism has been used for a long time to secure political objectives in history,
international efforts to repress terrorism have been heightened in the recent past. In an effort to
address terrorism, two major challenges pose a threat to the realization of success in the war
against terrorism. Firstly, there has not been a consistent and universally accepted definition of
terrorism. Secondly, there is a lot of disagreement among many states on the most relevant and
appropriate methods of dealing with and addressing the threats that are related to the terrorist
attack. For instance, the labeling of a violent group of Boko Haram of Nigeria as a terrorist group
resulted in their massive persecution. However, this method, which was adopted by the
government of Nigeria led to the expansion of the group instead of containing it.
Case Description
Borgeson, K., & Valeri, R. (Eds.). (2009). Terrorism in America. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
According to this book, one of the major issues that put the United States into its knees is
the 9/11 terror. The attack remains a nightmare among U.S. citizens following its massive
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
3
consequences concerning deaths and destruction of property. While many citizens have spent
their years mourning their loved ones, the authorities and experts have focused on identifying
ways in which 9/11 attacks could be prevented from claiming the innocent lives. Individually,
the 9/11 attack could be prevented by conducting a background check among their passengers to
determine their identity and connection to terror groups. The intelligence would have identified
the terrorists and prevented their entry in the Airbus. Additionally, the 9/11 attacks could have
been prevented by enforcing strict security check-ups at the airport to help in detecting
dangerous weapons used by the terrorists to hijack the planes and rum them into buildings.
The 9/11 attack shamed the presidency of President George Bush on how to handle
terrorist activities, and his speech tended to calm the situation and the focus of the United States
on how to manage such events. George Bush’s first term in office was challenged by the 9/11
attacks that claimed over 2500 lives. The 9/11 attacks did not only change the American
perspectives concerning terrorism but also the perspective of the whole world that they need to
fight terrorism. The attack leads to injuries to over six thousand people and a property loss of
over ten billion U.S. dollars. The 9/11 attacks have led to ongoing wars between the government
of the United States and Al-Qaeda to help dismantle the groups.
Gries, T., Meierrieks, D., & Redlin, M. (2014). Oppressive governments, dependence on the
USA, and anti-American terrorism. Oxford Economic Papers, 67(1), 83-103.
Universally, human rights involve the Right to equality and justice, Right to liberty as
well as Right to respect and care and not limited to Right to life. In most instances, these
Universal human rights are interdependent. Any state that respects and upholds these Human
Rights tends to prosper socially, politically, and economically. Human rights are protected by
both international laws and domestic laws of various states. For instance, the constitution of the
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
4
USA protects fundamental human rights and freedom in line with international laws. However,
some of the international laws on terrorism have been exploited by the USA government to stifle
the Human rights. The United States and many other countries of the world are constantly facing
terrorism as a major threat of stability that has resulted in many losses of lives. Africa has
emerged as the center of terrorist activities due to corruption in most states, the porosity of its
borders, diverse sociocultural population as well as internal conflict within some states.
Sullivan, M. P., (2011). Latin America: terrorism issues. DIANE Publishing.
According to the book by Sullivan (2011), one of the major issues affecting the USA to
continue fighting terrorist attacks are the Latin Americans. Latin Americans continue to be a
major problem in the USA, as many of them deal with issues of drugs. The exposure of USA to
future terrorist attack remain likely to rise as compared to the past, and this is primarily so due to
the involvement of the USA military in a war with Somalia and Afghanistan countries; a state
that is politically considered failed due to its internal disintegration. Therefore, there is an urgent
need for the United States to put the necessary legislation in place to deal with such a likely
future terrorist attack.
Most importantly, these preventive and legislative measures must be in line with the
international laws on human rights and must contribute to the development of the practical
approach in dealing with terrorism not only in America but also Africa as a whole. The speech
from former President George Bush declared fighting terrorism as a national goal. He
emphasized that the government of the United States is aimed at fighting the various world
terrorists like Sadam Hussein (“President Bush Addresses the Nation”). At that time, Sadam
Hussein was using the innocent civilians to cover for his army. The former president George
Bush indicated that the fight against terrorism is going to be accurate and would not involve the
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
5
innocent civilians in Iraq. The journey to fight terrorism continued even with the elections of the
president, including the former president Barrack Obama.
Spindlove, J. R., & Simonsen, C. E. (2013). Terrorism today: The past, the players, the future.
Pearson.
The civil society groups have raised the alarm about the available legislation in the
United States that addresses terrorism, specifically with respect to human rights. In many
instances, the government of the USA has been accused by the many domestic and international
watchdogs of using excessive force on families and people suspected of terrorism. Similarly, the
invasion of Afghanistan was not an appropriate response to the 9/11 attacks because it
overlooked all the diplomatic interventions that could be manipulated in the investigations to
arrest the organizers of the crimes and their financiers.
Consequently, the invasion of Afghanistan was not a good response because it led to
misuse of funds that could be used to conduct investigations in the matter as well as perform
research to avoid such incidents in the future. Together, this has created a favorable environment
for the terrorists to exploit these existing gaps in advancing their agenda. Additionally, the attack
was not necessary because it led to the loss of innocent lives when citizens were caught in the
crossfire between U.S. soldiers and the terror groups. Africa has emerged as the center of
terrorist activities due to corruption in most states, the porosity of its borders, diverse
sociocultural population as well as internal conflict within some states.
Townshend, C., (2018). Terrorism: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press.
From the historical records, human rights have been abused through killings,
mistreatment, and discrimination that have in one way or the other inflicted suffering to human
beings over the years. For many years, the meaning and understanding human rights and dignity
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
6
have confined the thoughts of religion and philosophy. Nonetheless, the respect and dignity for
human rights have been steadily on the rise over the years whereby international law has fostered
some of the common Human Rights that every state should adhere to. The advocacy and
drumbeat for human rights have been on the rise since World War II.
Consequently, the international community has acknowledged the importance and
necessity to respect human rights. The attacks also led to immigration and deportation of a good
number of individuals, as they feared for their security. The individuals who were in the United
States were deported to help in heightening the security of the USA. The government of the USA
and to improve its surveillance to ensure that it is able to note the probable changes in the
security systems in the government and look for the ways through which they can effectively
solve them. The government of the United States has improved its surveillance through the use
of various phone networks and calls that go on in the United States.
Jongman, A. J. (2017). Political terrorism: A new guide to actors, authors, concepts, databases,
theories, and literature. Routledge.
According to Jongman (2017), terrorism has increased due to issues of politics among
government officials. Politics have played a major role in the increase of terrorism in nations.
Political figures use government money in order to fund terrorists to kill and terrorize nations.
While terrorism has been used for a long time to secure political objectives in history,
international efforts to repress terrorism have been heightened in the recent past. In an effort to
address terrorism, two significant challenges pose a threat to the realization of success in the war
against terrorism. The recent rise in terrorism in the United States can be attributed to the
intervention of America into Somalia and Afghanistan countries. However, more loss of life has
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TERRORISM
7
been reported when counter-addressing these acts of terrorism, which have resulted in more loss
of lives. Ultimately, this necessitated the need to establish the link between the extrajudicial
killings and the implementation of terrorism laws.
INST 1100 – 051
Douglas College – Summer 2019
Research Paper Assignment
Part I – Annotated Bibliography

Create a thesis statement to explore.
o Think about the ideas you are exposed to in class, in the news, and in your own experience
in life, and try to narrow your focus to one interaction/phenomena
o Try to think about something interesting, ironic, unexpected, important, or even
elementary about the topic you choose
o Write a statement which explains what you’ll explore, what about it you’ll explore, what
you expect to see based on what you know and what you learn

Locate six top-notch sources on your topic
o Two full-length books from the Douglas College – Coquitlam library, from your own library,
or from electronic book resources
o Four full-length scholarly journal articles accessible via the Douglas College library website
 I highly recommend using J-Stor index/database search to discover lots of journal
articles on your topic quickly
 Get creative with search terms – research is an idiosyncratic art form

Engage in a deep reading of these resources over the course of the term
o BUT!!! Be able to summarize these sources and their main ideas rapidly (within a few days
or a week of retrieving them)
o Take extensive notes on your reading of these sources – this will greatly assist you in
organizing your ideas later
o Begin preparing your main points for your annotation

Select one citation method of your preference and write up all your citations and a practical
summary of each cited source
o You MUST put this summary entirely in your own words
o Explain why the resource is important to you and for your argument
o Explain the overall argument that the resource makes, generally

Organize your summaries into an overall document with a brief introduction that explains what you
anticipate you’ll be saying when you complete the final paper
o

Attach a bibliography at the end of the annotations (as well as placing the citation above
each paragraph)
Your final product for this phase of the assignment should be about four pages, double-spaced,
normal formatting
Please include a cover page with the title of your presumed final paper
Assignments with spelling errors, grammatical errors, or which are clearly written carelessly will
be RETURNED TO THE STUDENT WITH ZERO MARKS
Part II – Research Paper

When you receive your annotations back from me, commence working on your final paper
Your final paper should be at least 2,500 words and no more than 3,000 words.
Continue with the same reference formatting and bibliography style from your annotations
Provide a cover page
Be sure to write your paper with an eye towards the significance of what you’re saying – that will
assist in staying engaged and sustaining the requisite energy levels to complete the assignment
This part of the assignment requires you to expand on your initial research to show your own
original thinking on the question you’ve put before yourself
DUE DATES

Annotated Bibliographies are due on June 17th, 2019
Final Papers are due on August 2nd, 2019
Please email your assignments by 11:59pm on those days
Please email me your assignment at radheshwars@douglascollege.ca

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