An outline is the scaffold upon which you build your paper. You
probably already use a mental outline when you plan a paper, perhaps
without even being aware of it. Writing the outline can give you a
visualization of your plan. An outline provides both focus and direction
for the paper, shows where relevant points and arguments need to be
made and also identifies areas where more supportive evidence is needed.What is an annotated outline?As you are writing a
research paper, your paper is built around the research findings that
you located in your search. When you prepare an annotated outline, you
will note the research that supports each section of the paper. This
will help you see any areas that need further research to support them.The following example may help support the transition of your paper
from a collection of research notes to a fully developed paper.Suppose the research topic you chose was the relation of childhood
bullying to self-esteem. The title of your paper is: Self-esteem in
childhood bullying.When researching the paper, you found conflicting research results.
Some research showed that children with low self-esteem tended to bully
others, while other research showed that children with extremely high
self-esteem were bullies. Looking closer, you began to see that this
research could be divided into studies investigating different
variables, such as gender, age, and ethnic background. Now, you want to
turn this into a research report.
An annotated outline might look like this (all citations are fictional)
Topic: The relation of childhood bullying to self-esteem: Too much or too little?
Overview of childhood bullying
Definitions of bullying (Simpson, 2010; O’Connor, 2008)Types of bullying (Yang, 2009; Sinisi, 2011)
Self-esteem in childhood
Definitions of self-esteem (Whitefield, 2009)Impact of self-esteem on behavior in childhood (Liebermann, 2010)
Research on the relation of self-esteem to bullying in childhood
Gender, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
Self-esteem and same-gender bullying
Self-esteem in boys bullying boys (Pryzborski, 2012)Self-esteem in girls bullying girls
Self-esteem in opposite gender or non-gender-specific bullying in childhood (no research found)
Age, self-esteem in childhood bullying
Self-esteem and bullying from 6-9 (Brennan, 2011)Self-esteem and bullying from 9-12 (Mendez, 2010; Lee, 2011)
Family structure, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
Self-esteem and bullying in children in single-parent families (Shams, 2012)Self-esteem and bullying in children in dual-parent families (Mugaddam, 2011)
Ethnicity, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
Inter-ethnic bullying and self-esteem (Jacinto, 2009; Akbarzadeh, 2010)Intra-ethnic bullying and self-esteem (Lawrence, 2011)
ConclusionsSummary and suggestions for future studiesReferencesPreparing an annotated outline in this way will give you a way to
organize and clarify your plans. It gives your instructor a chance to
provide feedback on the proposed structure of the paper before you begin
to write. You can also see which subtopics you need to research further
before proceeding with the final draft.AssignmentThis week, you must submit an annotated outline for your Signature Assignment due in Week 8. Your assignment should include:A one-page overview in which you:Briefly explain the topic for the proposal and support for the chosen topic.Then prepare an outline of the structure of your proposal.You will structure your proposal as follows:
Describe of the purpose of your program.Provide background information (population served, problem it is addressing, etc.) about the program.Describe the organization of the program.Develop a plan for implementation.Discuss any ethical, legal, and moral concerns that may arise
Include at least five scholarly references that support your topic (although more are required for the final paper)Length: 2-3 pages, plus reference pageYour outline should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.Resources :McBride,
D. F., Bell, C. C., & Sanford, A. I. (2014). The criminal justice
system: Cultural considerations and correcting corrections. In F. L. …Bowers,
J., & Robinson, P. H. (2012). Perception of fairness and justice:
The shared aims and occasional conflicts of legitimacy and moral
M. D., Cha-Jua, S., Valgoi, M. J., & Neville, H. A. (2015).
Improving policing in a multiracial society in the United States: A new
…Stevenson, B. (2012). We need to talk about an injustice [Video file].
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